Scania has been granted permission by the Swedish Transport Agency to test self-driving trucks on a motorway between Södertälje and Jönköping. The tests will occur in collaboration with TuSimple, which is a key partner in Scania’s and TRATON group’s investment in this field.
The tests will cover technology according to level 4 on the 5-point SAE scale for self-driving vehicles, which means that the trucks are driven autonomously but for safety reasons are supervised by a driver. A test engineer will also be on board during Scania’s tests with the task of monitoring and verifying the information which is transmitted to the truck from the sensors that enable autonomous driving.
Hans Nordin, who is responsible for the Hub2hub project, says: “In both the US and China, tests are already underway of trucks according to Level 4 on public roads, but as far as I know Scania is the first in Europe to test the technology on a motorway and with payload. We have come so far in the development of self-driving vehicles that the technology may be ready to be introduced to the market already within the next five years for this type of transportation. However, it will take longer before autonomous vehicles for driving on roads with two-way traffic and in urban environments becomes a reality.”
Scania has been testing self-driving trucks for mining transportation in Australia since 2017.
“The experience gained from these tests shows that autonomous vehicles can become a reality in just a few years for transportation in closed areas such as mines and terminals,” adds Nordin.
Scania’s partner TuSimple – with its headquarters in San Diego, U.S., and with facilities in Tucson, Shanghai and Beijing – has carried out millions of kilometres of tests on motorways to develop the self-driving technology for automation level 4.