The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019 to three scientists who helped develop the lithium-ion battery.
The three scientists are: M. Stanley Whittingham, John B. Goodenough and Akira Yoshino.
Stanley Whittingham created an innovative cathode in a lithium battery. John Goodenough discovered that the cathode would have even greater potential if it was made using a metal oxide instead of a metal sulphide. Akira Yoshino created the first commercially viable lithium-ion battery in 1985.
The lithium-ion battery, a lightweight, rechargeable and powerful battery, has enabled the development of long-range electric cars and the storage of energy from renewable sources, such as solar and wind power.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences says: ‘Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionised our lives since they first entered the market in 1991. They have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind’.
Image. Copyright © Nobel Media 2019. Illustration: Niklas Elmehed